Challenges Appearing Soon, Near You
Dr. Julie J. C. H. Ryan
George Washington University
May 23, 2012 at 15:00
Big data, ubiquitous computing, clouds everywhere (and not the kind that rain or snow), and sensors
for the masses are reshaping the information battlespace in ways that are disturbing to contemplate.
Google Earth provides the poorest freedom fighter with surveillance capabilities that only a decade
ago were solely the province of the richest developed countries. Social media apps provide situational
awareness and intelligence gathering capabilities on individuals that previously would have taken a
large organized and well equipped intelligence force. This talk will go over some of the changes on
the horizon and explore the implications for national security strategies.
JULIE J. C. H. RYAN is associate professor and Chair of Engineering Management and Systems
Engineering at George Washington University. She holds a B.S. degree in Humanities from the U.S.
Air Force Academy, M.L.S. in Technology from Eastern Michigan University, and D.Sc. in Engineering
Management from the George Washington University. Dr. Ryan began her career as an intelligence
officer, serving the U.S. Air Force and the U.S. Defense Intelligence Agency. After leaving
government service, she continued to serve US national security interests through positions in
industry. Her areas of interest are in information security and information warfare research.
Exec. Director, Cyber Mission Assurance
The MITRE Corporation
May 23, 2012 at 15:00
Mission Assurance is essential because there has been an escalation in both the number and the severity
of cyber-attacks and their consequences to national security. It is vital that we continue traditional
Information Assurance (IA) practices; but we need to augment IA with new techniques to address this
evolving threat since we cannot keep a determined adversary out. Moreover, recent architectural trends
and fiscal pressures have resulted in consolidated and centrally managed data and systems with highly
distributed access comprised of homogenous components (e.g. Windows, everything over IP), in addition
to many legacy systems that cannot easily be secured. These trends have resulted in single points of
failure and cascading effects in the face of cyber-attacks. The more recent shift to cloud computing
is distributing processing in real-time and making situational awareness and security protection and
management more complicated. The looming austere fiscal future means we cannot secure everything. We must
reuse or repurpose capabilities and make more selective investments by focusing on critical functions
and assets -- their vulnerabilities, inter-dependencies, and alternative processing capabilities.
Consequently, we must design and operate mission critical systems to be more resilient so that critical
missions complete successfully despite effective cyber-attacks against the underlying technology. This
presentation offers proactive and reactive approaches to evolve systems to better withstand attacks,
to isolate and minimize damage when attacks are successful, and to support agile operational responses
to allow operators to fight through attacks for mission success.
As Executive Director of Cyber Mission Assurance, HARRIET G. GOLDMAN serves as the corporate
focal point for Mission Assurance in support of MITRE's Department of Defense and Intelligence customers.
She is responsible for directing initiatives to raise awareness of the advanced cyber threat and to
develop strategies, technologies and processes to address cyber security, resilient architectures,
and mission assurance needs. Previously, she was the Chief Technologist for Information Security where
she directed and developed MITRE's information security technology portfolio. She also served as
Director of Integration for Information Security to ensure secure, integrated and interoperable
solutions across MITRE's customer programs.
Ms Goldman returned to MITRE after 10 years in private industry following her previous 16-year tenure at
MITRE. As Vice President at Hitachi's Quadrasis, she directed information security consulting engagements
for Fortune 100 companies and the development of security middleware that enabled heterogeneous security
solutions to interoperate seamlessly. Previously she was a founding member and Vice President at Concept
Five Technologies, where she spearheaded the development of a consulting practice to assist CIOs in
implementing secure, Internet-based business and customer relationship management solutions.
Mission Impact/Threat Assessment
for the Cyber Domain
Air Force Research Laboratory
May 23, 2012 at 15:00
DoD defines mission assurance as a process to ensure that assigned tasks or duties can be performed in
accordance with the intended purpose or plan. We can think of mission impact assessment as a measure of
the action or actions which affected the performance of assigned tasks or duties. Impact assessment can
also be thought of as a measure of the damage or effects that have already occurred or are presently
occurring. Then, mission threat assessment is viewed as a measure of potential activities influencing the
performance of assigned tasks or duties based on anticipation of future effects. We consider both mission
impact and mission threat assessment to be components of situation awareness. These ideas map into our
Situation Awareness (SA) Reference Model as comprehension and projection (from Endsley's SA model) and as
JDL Levels 2 and 3 (from the Joint Directors' of Laboratories (JDL) Data Fusion Model). Our research
and this presentation will describe how we're incorporating impact/threat assessment into an SA process
and the types of data so far identified to support that process.
George Tadda works in the Department of Defense researching technologies in advanced information fusion.
His current research focuses on applying these advanced data fusion techniques to the problem of Cyber
Situation Awareness. Mr. Tadda is responsible for projects involving the development of automated situation,
impact, and threat assessment and the associated technologies. Mr. Tadda is a retired Air Force Major and
holds a Masters of Science Degree in Mathematics from the University of Central Missouri and a Bachelors
of Science Degree in Computer Science from the Missouri University of Science and Technology.